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A history of Innovation

Charles A. LindbergEarly Pioneer

Charles A. Lindberg

On March 19, 1924, Charles Augustus Lindbergh reported to Brooks Field in San Antonio, Texas, to begin his military flying career. One year later, Lindbergh graduated top in his class and received his commission as a second lieutenant in the United States Air Service Reserve Corps. However, Lindbergh did not enter active-duty after commissioning because the Air Service simply had too many pilots and not enough aircraft for them to fly. As a result, Lindbergh turned to the civil aviation sector.

On May 20, 1927, Lindbergh climbed in his aircraft, dubbed the “Spirit of St. Louis,” and embarked on an arduous and dangerous solo flight across the Atlantic Ocean. After 33.5 hours in the air, Lindbergh landed at the Le Bourget Airport in Paris, France. Lindbergh’s solo flight earned him tremendous accolades, including the Congressional Medal of Honor and the French Ordre national de la Légion d'honneur (National Order of the Legion of Honor).

Most importantly, Lindbergh’s achievement dramatically increased enthusiasm and interest in aviation throughout the world, especially in the United States.

Jimmy DoolittleStrategic Aviator

Jimmy Doolittle

Jimmy Doolittle received his Reserve Military Aviator rating and was commissioned a second lieutenant in the Signal Officers Reserve Corps of the United States Army on March 11, 1918. He resigned his regular commission on February 15, 1930, and was commissioned a Major in the Air Reserve Corps.

One month later, he became the manager of the Aviation Department of Shell Oil Company. Doolittle convinced Shell to produce 100 octane aviation gasoline. On January 2, 1942, shortly after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, the U.S. Army Air Forces promoted Doolittle to lieutenant colonel and assigned to Army Air Forces Headquarters to plan a retaliatory strike on Japan.

On April 18, 1942, Doolittle and the 16 B-25B Mitchell bomber aircraft under his command took off from the deck of the U.S.S. Hornet. See the historic footage.

While the raid did not cause great damage to Japan, it had a significant psychological impact on both Americans and the Japanese. See the co-pilot's experience. The U.S. Congress awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor to Doolittle following the raid.


Building the Total Force

Lee Linglebach

In 1954, Lee Lingelbach served as the Continental Air Command’s director of civilian personnel. He championed a strategic personnel plan that called for employment of Air Reserve Technicians to fill the critical need for continuity at flying centers and wings across the United States. Lingelbach envisioned ARTs as members of their assigned units who served in uniform during their military training while simultaneously serving in a civil service capacity during the week.

After several years of work, Ligelbach achieved his goal during a swearing-in ceremony at Headquarters ConAC on January 10, 1958. On that day, Lieutenant General William Hall (ConAC commander) enlisted Master Sgt Samuel McCormack and Tech Sgt James Clark as the first two Air Force Reserve ARTs.

Associate Unit Program

A number of factors contributed to the initial success of the 944th Tactical Airlift Group (944 TAG)—the first Air Force Reserve unit to associate with an active-duty unit. General Howell Estes, Military Airlift Command commander, had previously visited Norton AFB with several key members of his staff. To forestall any possible active force opposition to the impending influx of Reservists, General Estes warned that he would tolerate no resistance to the new program.

Brigadier General Gilbert Curtis, 63rd Military Airlift Wing commander, enthusiastically endorsed the program at his level. The MAC officials matched their words with deeds as General Estes gave the 944 TAG top priority for aircrew training positions at the C-141 Starlifter school at Tinker AFB, Oklahoma, and General Curtis assured that his unit gave Reserve crews priority access to aircraft for their training flights whenever possible. Headquarters Air Force Reserve played a critical role in the success of the associate program.

The new associate units lacked an official statement of mission until November 4, 1968, when AFRES published a regulation defining the mission of the associate groups and the responsibilities of their commanders. The directive gave the groups the responsibility of providing necessary augmentation to active military airlift wings in the form of aircrews, maintenance personnel, and aerial port personnel for the purpose of achieving full use of the aircraft under various conditions of heightened tension up to and including full mobilization. 

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190820-F-EY126-0330 U.S. Air Force emergency managers and U.S. Army CBRN specialists and medics perform aircraft and patient decontamination after a simulated attack, while Army medics provide evacuation and treatment of role players during integrated training as part of exercise Patriot Warrior at Fort McCoy, Wisconsin, Aug. 20, 2019. Patriot Warrior is Air Force Reserve Command's premier exercise providing Airmen an opportunity to train with joint and international partners in airlift, aeromedical evacuation, and mobility support. The exercise builds on capabilities for the future fight, increasing the readiness, lethality and agility of the Air Force Reserve. (U.S. Air Force Photo by Staff Sgt. Amy Picard)
Lt. Gen. Richard Scobee, Chief of Air Force Reserve, announces the following senior leader actions: Col. Bonnie J. Bosler, Commander, 514th Aeromedical Evacuation Squadron, Air Force Reserve Command, Joint Base McGuire-Dix-Lakehurst, New Jersey, will serve as the Mobilization Assistant to the Director, Medical Operations and Research, Office of the Surgeon General, Headquarters United States Air Force, Falls Church, Virginia. Col. Michelle L. Wagner, Reserve Deputy Command Surgeon, Joint Transportation Reserve Unit, 954th Reserve Support Squadron, Scott Air Force Base, Illinois, will serve as the Mobilization Assistant to the Commander, Air Force Medical Readiness Agency, Defense Health Headquarters, Falls Church, Virginia.
Air Mobility Command C-130 rainbow fitting inspections complete
Reserve Citizen Airmen, U.S Soldiers and British Royal Air Force members load simulated casualties for an air evacuation during the 2019 Patriot Warrior exercise Aug. 17, 2019, that includes a C-17 Globemaster III, and U.S Army HH-60 Black Hawks at the Sparta-Fort McCoy Airport at Fort McCoy, Wis. Patriot Warrior is Air Force Reserve Command's premier exercise providing Airmen an opportunity to train with joint and international partners in airlift, aeromedical evacuation, and mobility support. The exercise builds on capabilities for the future fight, increasing the readiness, lethality and agility of the Air Force Reserve. (U.S. Air Force Video by Staff Sgt. Shellby Matullo)
Patriot Warrior is the Air Force Reserve Command’s premier exercise, providing an opportunity for Reserve Citizen Airmen to train with joint and international partners in airlift, aeromedical evacuation and mobility support. This exercise is intended to build our capabilities for today’s fight and continue to shape our capabilities for the future fight, increasing readiness, agility and lethality of the Air Force Reserve.
Reserve component officers attend international leadership course (Story by the Headquarters Air Reserve Personnel Center - HQ ARPC) #ReserveResilient
926th Wing, 706th Fighter Squadron set to receive Air Force Association awards in September #ReserveResilient
Reserve Citizen Airmen and British Royal Air Force members load simulated casualties for an air evacuation during the 2019 Patriot Warrior exercise Aug. 16, 2019, that includes a C-17 Globemaster III at the Sparta-Fort McCoy Airport at Fort McCoy, Wis. Patriot Warrior is Air Force Reserve Command's premier exercise providing Airmen an opportunity to train with joint and international partners in airlift, aeromedical evacuation, and mobility support. The exercise builds on capabilities for the future fight, increasing the readiness, lethality and agility of the Air Force Reserve. (U.S. Air Force Video by Staff Sgt. Shellby Matullo)
Patriot Warrior is the Air Force Reserve Command’s premier exercise, providing an opportunity for Reserve Citizen Airmen to train with joint and international partners in airlift, aeromedical evacuation and mobility support. This exercise is intended to build our capabilities for today’s fight and continue to shape our capabilities for the future fight, increasing readiness, agility and lethality of the Air Force Reserve.
Reserve Citizen Airman conduct runway repair training during Patriot Warrior 2019 at Dobbins Air Reserve Base, Ga., Aug. 8, 2019. Patriot Warrior is the Air Force Reserve Command’s premier exercise, providing an opportunity for Reserve Citizen Airmen to train with joint and international partners in airlift, aeromedical evacuation and mobility support. This exercise is intended to build our capabilities for today’s fight and continue to shape our capabilities for the future fight, increasing the capabilities for today’s fight and continue to shape our capabilities for the future fight, increasing the readiness, agility and lethality of the Air Force Reserve. (Air Force video by Tech. Sgt. Richard Mekkri)
Patriot Warrior: more than an exercise #ReserveReady
Lt. Gen. Richard Scobee, Chief of Air Force Reserve, announces the following senior leader actions: Col. Victor D. Brown, Commander, 914th Air Refueling Wing Aeromedical Staging Squadron, Niagara Falls Air Reserve Station, New York, will serve as the Individual Mobilization Augmentee to the Expeditionary Dentistry Consultant, Directorate of the Surgeon General, Headquarters Air Combat Command, Joint Base Langley-Eustis, Virginia. Col. John P. Gillespie, Dentist, 452nd Medical Group, March Air Reserve Base, California, will serve as the Commander, 94th Aeromedical Staging Squadron, Dobbins Air Reserve Base, Georgia. Col. (S) Amy S. Swets, Chief Nurse, 445th Airlift Wing Aeromedical Staging Squadron, Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio, will serve as the Commander, 934th Airlift Wing Aeromedical Staging Squadron, Minneapolis-Saint Paul Air Reserve Station, Minnesota.
Digital transformation across the Air Force Reserve will improve our Airmen experience—through faster pay, automated systems and streamlined processes. Check out the initiatives and challenges the Total Force A1 digital transformation teams attacked at the Air Force CIO Summit Aug. 12-16. #ReserveReform https://vimeo.com/353947376/8b07c77153?fbclid=IwAR1FA_shP73NMiznBZeT3kmS6nW5CySqc4jg7Cs_NjdMG28N_dOU7bu7b0I
Patriot Warrior is the Air Force Reserve Command’s premier exercise, providing an opportunity for Reserve Citizen Airmen to train with joint and international partners in airlift, aeromedical evacuation and mobility support. This exercise is intended to build our capabilities for today’s fight and continue to shape our capabilities for the future fight, increasing readiness, agility and lethality of the Air Force Reserve.
Airmen in the Pest Management career field respond to wasps nesting in equipment during Patriot Warrior 2019 at Dobbins Air Reserve Base, Ga., Aug. 8, 2019. Patriot Warrior is the Air Force Reserve Command’s premier exercise, providing an opportunity for Reserve Citizen Airmen to train with joint and international partners in airlift, aeromedical evacuation and mobility support. This exercise is intended to build our capabilities for today’s fight and continue to shape our capabilities for the future fight, increasing the readiness, agility and lethality of the Air Force Reserve. Interview with Staff Sgt. Jesus DeLeon, 433rd Civil Engineer Squadron, Lackland Air Force Base, Texas. (U.S. Air Force video by Tech. Sgt. Thomas Grimes)
Patriot Warrior is the Air Force Reserve Command’s premier exercise, providing an opportunity for Reserve Citizen Airmen to train with joint and international partners in airlift, aeromedical evacuation and mobility support. This exercise is intended to build our capabilities for today’s fight and continue to shape our capabilities for the future fight, increasing readiness, agility and lethality of the Air Force Reserve.
#ReserveCitizenAirmen help relocate Alaskan village (Story by the 419th Fighter Wing) #ReserveReady
Reserve Citizen Airmen from various Civil Engineer Squadrons conduct training during Patriot Warrior 2019 at Dobbins Air Reserve Base, Ga., Aug. 8, 2019. Patriot Warrior is the Air Force Reserve Command’s premier exercise, providing an opportunity for Reserve Citizen Airmen to train with joint and international partners in airlift, aeromedical evacuation and mobility support. This exercise is intended to build our capabilities for today’s fight and continue to shape our capabilities for the future fight, increasing the readiness, agility and lethality of the Air Force Reserve. Interviews are with Lt. Col. Darris Edge, Commander of the 908th Mission Support Group, Maxwell Air Force Base, Ala., and Master Sgt. Jerry Griffith, First Sergeant assigned to 433rd Civil Engineer Squadron, Lackland Air Force Base, Texas. (U.S. Air Force video by Tech. Sgt. Thomas Grimes)
A1 Support Team to be Available on Primary UTA Weekends #ReserveReform #ReserveReady
Patriot Warrior is the Air Force Reserve Command’s premier exercise, providing an opportunity for Reserve Citizen Airmen to train with joint and international partners in airlift, aeromedical evacuation and mobility support. This exercise is intended to build our capabilities for today’s fight and continue to shape our capabilities for the future fight, increasing readiness, agility and lethality of the Air Force Reserve.
RT @SecAFOfficial: Today I officially became the 25th Secretary of the #AirForce. I'm conscious of the extraordinary privilege of working w…
Female 89th AS pilots support Canadian aviation event - https://t.co/mAcdjOfRSv (Story by the @445AW) #ReserveReadyhttps://t.co/CvMtFWPRwB
Congratulations ma'am! https://t.co/GwlDOrYldM
#ICYMI: Lt. Gen. Richard Scobee and AFRC Chief Master Sgt. Timothy White Jr. held a Facebook Live Town Hall on Oct… https://t.co/IDmbVmIebV
413th FTG leaders discuss strategy, process improvement during conference - https://t.co/NPxR9XABaI #ReserveReform https://t.co/4necxyOtc4
RT @usairforce: The Senate has confirmed the 25th Secretary of the Air Force, Barbara Barrett. https://t.co/Y6kDGD5eds
An Airman's journey: The longest year - https://t.co/lLBXUNJ9P0 (Commentary by the @403rdWing) #ReserveResilient https://t.co/mJ46Zl1VMV
RT @GenChuckYeager: Oct 13, 1947: Told Ridley I couldn't close door on X-1. He said "Hmm!" Contemplated this, then cut off a piece of a bro…
Air Force Recruiting Total Force Enterprise makes FY19 goal - https://t.co/ZwcaDf17BP #ReserveRecruits #ReserveReady https://t.co/gwC9MLoIsK
Join Lt. Gen. Richard Scobee and AFRC Command Chief Master Sergeant Timothy White Jr. tomorrow at 9 a.m. EST for ou… https://t.co/vvUDIoNNg2
RT @usairforce: Hey Atlanta, Georgia! #AmericasAirForce will be in your hometown this weekend. Join us for the @AtlantaAirShow, being held…
October is National Cybersecurity Awareness Month. Cybersecurity is everyone's responsibility. Practice cybersecuri… https://t.co/qLIohirj7W
Do you want to make a difference in your Reserve workplace? Check out this survey at https://t.co/C5TVlEvrL6. #ReserveReform
Reserve Citizen Airmen aide in Arctic Anvil 2019 - https://t.co/9178G2bvOE (Story by the @403rdWing) #ReserveReady https://t.co/8LhyLiJpCm